Songkran in Thailand 2019: Your Complete Guide

Songkran Guide 2019

Songkran 2019 – 13th April to 16th April

It is once again drawing close to that time of the year when Thailand bursts into life and celebrates the new year. Songkran is one of the most celebrated festivals in Thailand – the whole country joins in to bring in the Thai New Year together. If you are visiting Thailand during this period in April, you are in for a treat! Alternatively, if you are an expat in Thailand, or working there on business, you will undoubtedly join in the celebrations too.
If you want to be a part of the Thai New Year we have created an extensive guide. In the paragraphs below, we look at the origins of Songkran, what you can expect, and where you can find the festivities.

Where Did Songkran Originate?

Songkran is a festival that is steeped in tradition – it hails from an ancient tale found in Buddhist scriptures. The word Songkran means “movement” or “shift” – it relates to the positioning of the sun within the zodiac. Songkran specifically means when the sun moves between the Pisces and Aries zodiac signs and coincides with the start of the Thai New Year. It matched the solar calendar.

This is why the specific dates of 13th to 16th of April are used as this is when the sun passes between these two Zodiac signs. Songkran has been celebrated for hundreds of years and has a host of traditions that the whole nation takes part in.

Traditional Songkran Events 

As stated above, this amazing celebration has a host of associated traditions. The specifics of these traditions will vary depending on the region of Thailand. The below describes three of the main traditions you can witness during Songkran:

Merit-making is a long practised tradition of the Buddhist faith. During Songkran, Thai citizens will visit their local temple in the morning to provide an offering of food to the monks. They will also purify each other with water and pour water on Buddha statues.

Water festival

Songkran is best known for its immense water fights. The original tradition has somewhat become lost, but the process of pouring water on others is to cleanse and purify – to wash away sin and bad luck. Many Thai citizens will do this at local temples together with the Buddhist Monks. They will also join in huge organized water fights that can be found in most large cities.

Returning home to family

Songkran is seen as a festival of unity. Due to this fact, traditionally people will return home to be with their families. Students studying abroad or in other regions will return to their parents’ homes. Whole families will come together to embrace the celebrations and respect will be given to family elders.

Your Guide to Songkran 2019

Now that you have a little background info about the festival, let’s talk about what you can expect in 2019. When visiting Thailand, you can either experience the hectic water fights, or you can relax and enjoy the traditional quiet aspect of the festival found at temples and places of worship. The following is some info about Songkran in 2019:

Major Locations

Songkran is celebrated throughout the country. Every family in Thailand will join in, in some way or another. If you want to experience the full throttle of this festival however, your best bet is to stay in one of the larger cities and regions:

– Bangkok
– Chiang Mai
– Phuket
– Pattaya
– Koh Samui

Each of these main locations is guaranteed to be bursting with action! Bangkok, in particular, comes alive during Songkran – it is well known for its crazy water fights and huge celebrations. The following lists some of the popular locations to celebrate Songkran within these destinations:

– Bangkok: Silom Road, Khao San Road
– Chiang Mai: Tha Pae Gate & The Old City
– Phuket: Patong Beach and other beaches
– Pattaya: Practically anywhere!
– Koh Samui: Soi Green Mango, Chaweng Beach

For the craziest Songkran experience, head to Bangkok or Chiang Mai – the water fights here are the stuff of legends. For a quieter affair, Koh Samui offers a more reserved Songkran that concentrates on traditions as opposed to water fights.

Water Fight Etiquette

Water fights are a huge part of Songkran. Traditionally, water is meant to be poured on each other to cleanse the spirit. This has taken on a whole new meaning, however. Whole streets are closed in major cities such as Bangkok and immense water fights break out.

By immense water fights, we mean hundreds and thousands of people lining the streets armed with water guns, water bombs and buckets! The experience is crazy! If you like it or not, you are going to get wet so be prepared. The following are some tips and etiquette to remember if you are in the vicinity of a water fight:

– Dress in old clothes that you don’t mind getting wet
– Wear loose-fitting clothes such as shorts and a vest
– Be respectful if someone doesn’t want to get wet!
– Don’t get angry or lose your temper if you do get soaked
– Know your limits and be respectful to the traditions

There is no denying that some tourists go too far – they can ruin it for others. Don’t be one of those people. Always be respectful and remember the underlying traditions of this festival. If you participate in the water fights, just be ready for a no-holds-barred, adrenaline-fuelled party. If you don’t want to get wet, then we advise staying away from these popular areas as some people do not respect your wishes.
Aside from the water fights, there are other activities to enjoy. During this period, there are parades through the streets, beauty pageants and other celebrations. Furthermore, Thai citizens dress up in traditional clothing – bright colours are fantastic to behold. In central Thailand, animals are offered as merits. Alternatively, in Northern Thailand, firecrackers and gunfire can often be seen and heard. Practically everywhere in the country, you can experience something different.

Songkran really is an amazing festival to experience. There is nothing quite like this anywhere in the world. Thailand is already a fantastic location to visit. If you want to get a slice of true Thai culture and mingle with the locals – Songkran is a great time to do so.


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